“You know more Japanese than you think.”
New grammar for the week is ～てしまう (te shimau), which is the te form + shimau. The verb しまう means “to put something away,” but when you attach it to the te form of a verb, it means “an ‘unrecoverable event’ as a result of being put away” (Johnson 163). ～てしまう can have two meanings, which are pretty much extreme opposites:
Kanji: Week 1
The introduction of kanji—finally! I’m aiming for 6 to 8 kanji per week. I will not be going by grades as most of these will be from the Genki II textbook and later on Tobira. I am using EPSON Kaisho font for kanji; some kanji may be in a different font because EPSON Kaisho may not have a good representation of the kanji (more calligraphic).
Italicized parts of words denote a verb part; it does not necessarily reflect how the individual character is pronounced. For example 運 by itself is not pronounced hakobu. The added bu makes it a verb: 運ぶ。
If you have any questions, comments or concerns, feel free to ask!
Vocabulary: Week 11 「１１週間の単語」
試着室 (しちゃくしつ、shichakushitsu) - dressing room, fitting room
きつい (kitsui) - tight
ゆるい (yurui) - loose
試着する (しちゃくする、shichaku suru)
裾上げする (すそあげする、susoage suru) - to hem up
もう一つ上のサイズはありますか。 (mou hitotsu ue no saizu wa arimasu ka) - Do you have a bigger size?
もう一つ下のサイズはありますか。 (mou hitotsu shita no saizu wa arimasu ka) - Do you have a smaller size?
ちょうどいい (choudo ii) - it fits well, it fits perfectly
裾が長い (すそがながい、suso ga nagai) - the hem is long
裾上げしてもらえますか。(すそあげしてもらえますか、susoage shite moraemasu ka) - Can you hem these up for me?
～にします (~ni shimasu) - to decide on an item, to take something
またにします (mata ni shimasu) - I’ll pass, I’ll decide on it later.
Grammar: It’s Good That…～てよかった
Super short grammar lesson on how to say “It’s good that there’s something.” The form is ～てよかった (te yokatta)。 Although よかった is the past form of いい (good), you can also use it to refer to a present situation. So if you’re really happy about something right here and right now, you can use よかった！ in confidence!
Forming ～てよかった is very simple! Add the te form of a verb + よかった, and you’re done!
*Kureru means someone gives or does something for me, myself.
Examples 1 and 3 taken from JapanesePod101.com’s dialogues:
"Beginner Lesson #115: No Boys Allowed," JapanesePod101.com, podcast audio, June 12, 2014, http://japanesepod101.com.
"Beginner Lesson #152: Inspection," JapanesePod101.com, podcast audio, May 15, 2014, http://japanesepod101.com.
“Train your voice. Speak Japanese!”
Beginner Lesson #152 - Inspection
JapanesePod101.com · Learn Japanese | JapanesePod101.com (Audio)
JapanesePod101.com Audio Lesson #152: Inspection
Grammar: Particle を & Intransitive Motion Verbs
This post tags onto Giving Directions Vocabulary, where this grammar construction shows up. In my post on Transitive and Intransitive Verbs, I mentioned that intransitive verbs take the particle が (ga) as opposed to を (wo) like transitive verbs. Compare ジョンが電気をつける to 電気がつく。 While both refer to a light turning on, the subjects are different. In the first sentence, John turns on a light. In the second, the light turns on. See that the second sentence, which has an intransitive verb つく (the intransitive counterpart of つける), takes particle が as do most intransitive verbs. I say most because you know that Japanese is an interesting language, and like an action movie, there’s bound to be a twist—somewhere.
Giving Directions Vocabulary
Photograph by Ikko Narahara: Marunouchi, (from the series: “Tokyo the ’50s’”), 1954-58.
Today’s vocabulary list is a back-to-the-basics lesson for myself. I feel like I never really grasped the concept of giving directions in Japanese. There are words I don’t remember and such and new words that I’ve learned.